Back in 2008, the use of Stingrays was reported in California when a tax cheat was captured after filing returns on dead people and obtaining their refunds. The culprit had thought he covered his tracks but later found out he was captured by the use of the stingray:
It turned out that the U.S. government had been secretly using the Stingray for years, first for military use and then for law enforcement, to locate and track suspects by their cellular connections. Rigmaiden became among the first civilians to learn about this technology, and his case opened the doors to public knowledge about it.
Yet several years later, as more information about Stingrays — also called IMSI catchers, cell-site simulators or fake cell towers — has become available, use of the devices by law enforcement appears to be routinely obscured in court records. At least one major manufacturer allegedly requires police departments to never disclose that they use the