The governor of the South African Reserve Bank (SARB), Lesetja Kganyago, has reiterated the central bank’s longstanding belief that cryptocurrencies like bitcoin are not currencies. According to Kganyago, crypto-assets, as he prefers to call them, are not currencies because they fail to meet the standard of what constitutes a currency.
Crypto and the Currency Test
In recent remarks to Mills Soko, a professor at a South African university, Kganyago asserts cryptocurrencies like bitcoin only partially meet one of the three key characteristics of a currency. Kganyago explained:
One, it must be a generally accepted medium of exchange. Secondly, it must be accepted as a store of value. And thirdly, it must be a unit of account. A cryptocurrency is a store of value. It is a medium of exchange but is not generally accepted. It’s only accepted by those who are participating in it.
However, despite adopting this stance toward cryptocurrencies, the SARB governor insists the central bank must