When one possesses public office, he or she possesses lawful authority.
Magistrates are all those who possess public office, whether through election or appointment. The authority all magistrates possess is delegated to them by God. Therefore they have a duty to govern according to his rule.
They are not to make law, policy or court opinion that is contrary to his law or Word. They are not to exceed the limits of civil government as revealed by Scripture.
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But their duty goes beyond simply not enacting bad law, policy or court opinion. They also have a duty to interpose against the lawless actions of other magistrates. If the superior authority makes unjust or immoral law, policy or court opinion, it is the duty of lesser authorities to wield their authority to stop the evil of the superior authority.
This is known as interposition.
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