Blockchain governance refers to the coordination mechanisms that allow blockchain stakeholders to make legitimate decisions. It is traditionally split up into two broad areas: on-chain governance and off-chain governance. In the context of Ethereum, on-chain governance relates to the Ethereum protocol. The protocol roughly encompasses the original white paper by Vitalik Buterin, the more technical yellow paper by Gavin Wood, and the more recent execution layer and the consensus layer specs.
“Absolute Essentials of Ethereum” by Paul Dylan-Ennis was published by Routledge. Dylan-Ennis is an assistant professor at the College of Business at University College Dublin.
There are currently efforts to update and standardize everything, such as the Ethereum Execution